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A Waterpik can help you maintain good oral hygiene and a smile you can be proud of

How to Use a Waterpik?

By Uncategorized

Caries is an infectious disease caused by the bacterial flora of the oral cavity. Dental cavities occur in areas of a tooth that have lost outer protection due to a process that gradually dissolves the tooth’s hard outer surface, known as tooth enamel. As a result, the infection progresses into the tooth’s interior, affecting a patient’s oral health.

People often minimize the fact of suffering from dental caries and its implications in the future. However, it is essential to raise awareness of this common problem before it is too late.

It may be likely that the little importance people give to caries is what they ignore, as it seems a common issue. After all, the fact that everyone has had caries at some point has made the problem seen as typical.

Caries don’t cause alarm in relation to other dental problems. Indeed, failure to treat cavities in time can cause them to advance to deeper layers of the tooth. Specifically, when it reaches the dentin is when the real problems occur.

When left untreated, the periodontal ligaments, the jaw bone, and the gums usually suffer damage and might cause acute and intense pain. What should be more preoccupying for a patient is that if a cavity advances further, it can penetrate the tooth pulp.

A cavity reaching the pulp could cause unbearable pain and a severe infection that, in the worst case, leads to tooth loss. Moreover, orthodontic treatment makes oral hygiene a complicated task.

Consequently, neglecting the importance of avoiding cavities while on braces can also negatively impact the treatment outcome. This article talks about one easy-to-implement measure to reduce cavities development during orthodontic treatment with braces, and we talk about water irrigators.

What Is a Waterpik?

A dental irrigator is an object used to apply a stream of water or a medical solution using a pressurized jet to thoroughly clean teeth and gums.

There are different types of dental irrigators or water flossers on the market. However, Waterpik designs various models that include specialized irrigators for the user of braces.

Incidentally, water irrigators do not require prior training, and patients can use them at home. In short, water irrigators are formidable complementary tools for deep dental floss cleaning on our own.

How to Use a Waterpik?

Using a dental irrigator isn’t complicated, and you don’t really need manual dexterity to use it. However, there are some details you must know before starting with it.

We recommend patients follow the gum line and pass it through the teeth arch. Patients must launch the water jet directly towards the line that draws the gingiva with the tooth between all the interdental spaces.

You should splash every tooth for two seconds. It might take a couple of minutes to complete the entire process in the entire mouth. We also suggest patients use the irrigator after night brushing.

How to Clean a Waterpik?

It is essential to clean a water irrigator at least once a month profoundly.

First, patients can empty the tank (water reservoir) so there is no standing water. Secondly, let the irrigator dry to prevent moisture from entering the internal areas. Then, store the irrigator in a dry and safe place.

You can clean the tank with liquid soap and water every two weeks. You might want to use vinegar when cleaning the irrigator’s head. To do so, mix half a glass of water and vinegar, submerging the brush head for ten minutes. Finally, rinse it in lukewarm water.

How to Keep Good Dental Hygiene With Braces

When wearing braces, enhanced oral hygiene is a must. In fact, optimum oral hygiene is critical to prevent cavities and gum disease. Food particles and food debris get stuck in intricate spaces that form between teeth and braces and teeth and wires.

We brought you some steps we recommend you follow up on if you are a braces user and struggle with the many steps thing of the oral care routine.

Brushing Order

Start with the last molar, advance tooth by tooth until reaching the last molar on the contralateral side.

Brush All Sides of the Tooth

In some cases, we recommend you use an electric toothbrush to facilitate the brushing process. However, you can use a regular brush and dedicate time to each tooth with circular motions.

Brush Length

Spend about three or four minutes brushing your teeth after each meal, especially before going to sleep.

Special Floss

Having braces means you cant floss with a regular flossing threader (string floss). We recommend our patients use an interdental flosser or a self-threading flosser that makes the routine much more accessible.

These handly flossers are special for tight spaces between the wire and the tooth and are formidable for dental care for people with braces.

Water Irrigators

You can complement your oral hygiene routine with an oral irrigator. The best part of an irrigator is that they make patients feel there are no more “hard-to-reach areas” left to clean. Water irrigators also help clean gaps between teeth.

How to Use Interdental Brushes?

An interdental brush is one of many oral care products with some characteristics. It has bristles in the contour that scrape between the interdental space between teeth. Interdental flossers or brushes have different sizes, so we recommend our braces patients ask the specialist about interdental brush sizes and get the correct size for their teeth. An interdental brush is optimal for cleaning teeth as part of a routine that includes regular brushing.

To properly utilize an interdental brush, follow these instructions:

  • Once between teeth, move the interdental brush from the wire to the gums;
  • Pass the brush from one tooth to another and along the archwire with frequent up and down movements;
  • Rinse the appliance after using it, and;
  • Replace the interdental brush if it starts to look worn.

At Markham Orthodontics, We Care About Your Dream Smile

Healthy teeth are the foundation for a beautiful smile. So, when we talk about your dream smile, it is essential to have adequate oral hygiene.

At Markham Orthodontics, we make a dental clearance and follow up about your teeth’ health throughout the entire orthodontic treatment.

Make a call, or visit us to set an appointment. We will be glad to help you get a beautiful and healthy smile.

Can braces stain teeth?

How to Get Rid of Yellow Stained Teeth with Braces

By Blog, Braces, Orthodontics, Uncategorized

Imagine going through the hole braces treatment just to see that your teeth are now stained. Having an appealing smile is one of the main reasons people get braces, so finding out that you have to go through another treatment for them to be the same color again is just devastating. Here we’ll show you why teeth staining happens and how to avoid it.

Can Braces Stain Teeth?

Although the braces themselves aren’t the ones responsible, you can end up with stained teeth after having braces. As said, there is nothing in the appliance itself that will somehow stain your teeth. What stains your teeth is the accumulation of bacteria and plaque. According to Healthline magazine, when sugar and the bacteria in your mouth meet, they release an acid that’s damaging to your teeth’s outer layer, the enamel. When the enamel is exposed for a prolonged time to plaque and the acid within it, it starts to deteriorate. This deterioration is what causes the white spots on your teeth.

Regular permanent braces are really only responsible for making it harder for patients to clean their teeth properly. The many little crevices created between your teeth, brackets, and wire are great spots for bacteria to accumulate. Of course, with the proper tools and cleaning routine, discoloration or stains in your teeth can be completely avoided.

Fortunately, if your teeth do stain at the end of the treatment, some options allow your tooth to get back its uniform color. Some of the treatments are teeth whitening, remineralization, composite restoration, veneers, etc.

Can Invisalign Stain Teeth?

No, Invisalign won’t stain your teeth. Similar to what happens with braces, Invisalign, or any other clear aligner, isn’t the main cause of your teeth changing color; they are only a contributing factor. Lack of proper cleaning is almost always the main culprit when it comes to teeth staining.

When you wear clear aligners like Invisalign, orthodontists expect you to use them for around 20 to 22 hours a day. They will instruct you to remove them only when eating or for cleaning. This is where the problem may arise. If there is any food residue on your teeth when you put your aligners back on, they will stay there for hours at a time. This situation creates opportunities for plaque and acid to form, which will, in turn, start deteriorating your tooth’s enamel. Remember that deterioration of your enamel is part of what causes the stains.

Keep Your Teeth Clean

As we said previously, stained teeth are mostly a result of a lack of proper oral care. In this section, we’ll give you some tips for you to avoid stained teeth from your time with braces or Invisalign.

Regardless of the treatment, you are going through, it’s incredibly important for you to brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once. This helps eliminate most of the food residue and bacteria that may accumulate on your teeth throughout the day. To do this, you might want to use toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride is an ingredient that helps in killing bacteria and reinforcing your teeth.

Consider cutting your sugar intake. Reducing your sugar consumption will help in avoiding plaque concentration in your mouth.

Proper Cleaning While on Braces

Specifically for braces, you should use a soft-bristle toothbrush and try to approach your teeth at a 45° angle; this helps in getting to the more difficult spots in between your teeth, brackets, and metal wire. Given the added difficulty in cleaning, the use of floss is more important than ever. Considering that brackets also make it harder to floss correctly, don’t be afraid of using tools such as a floss threader or a floss pick to get to those harder spots to reach.

Follow your diet strictly. Not doing so will not only damage your braces but will make it harder for you to clean properly, especially when it comes to sticky food.

Stay away from whitening products or treatments during your time with braces. With most products, your teeth will whiten normally except for the part to which the bracket is attached. When your orthodontist removes your bracket, it may leave behind a different shade square on your tooth.

Proper Cleaning Teeth With Invisalign

During your treatment with Invisalign, or any clear aligner, it’s important to remember to rinse them thoroughly every time you remove them. Ideally, you will also brush your teeth before you put your aligners back on. We understand that brushing your teeth after every meal is almost impossible, but you should at least rinse them and use mouthwash as well if you can.

Contact Us For  Free Consultation at Markham Orthodontics to Begin the Journey of a Lifetime!

If you wish to clear any doubt regarding your teeth staining during orthodontic treatment, contact us here. We will gladly help you in any way we can. Call us at +19169248970.

Patients can still get braces after root canal treatment

Can I Wear Braces Over Root Canal Treated Teeth?

By Uncategorized

Proper oral hygiene is incredibly important to your general dental health whether you are going through a dental treatment or not. Lack of proper hygiene is a big cause of dental issues like tooth decay or gum disease. Just brushing daily with a proper technique can avoid unwanted dental treatments. Whenever you go through any type of treatment, however, keeping your mouth healthy becomes even more important as many times, some sensitive parts of your teeth or mouth are exposed to the elements and need extra care. Proper oral hygiene can help prevent the need for a root canal and is incredibly important in its recovery process.

Can I Wear Braces Over Root Canal Treated Teeth?

Yes, you definitely can put braces on root canal-treated teeth. Root canals are nothing more than your tooth being filled with an artificial filler to replace the damaged pulp inside of it. Given that your dentist drills a hole to remove the inside of the tooth while leaving the sides unharmed, they can install braces without any obstacle. Although, you should wait a couple of weeks after to root canal to get your braces, as it gives your teeth a chance to set and recover from the infection.

Some very experienced orthodontists will place regular permanent braces on patients that have a root canal, while the majority will opt for a different approach involving nonpermanent appliances. Whichever the case may be for you, the only thing you need to worry about is following your orthodontist’s instructions to the letter, as they will give you the best advice for taking care of your teeth.

Process of Getting a Root Canal

For your teeth to need a root canal, it means that the inside of your tooth, the pulp, is either infected with bacteria or swollen. This can be a result of a cavity that the patient didn’t treat at all, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth, or even a strong enough blow to the tooth. Whichever the case may be now, your dental care specialist has to drill inside the tooth and remove the affected tissue.

A root canal will usually take two sessions. During your first appointment, your dentist will drill a hole to get to your tooth’s infected pulp, remove everything infected or swollen, fill the remaining space with a biocompatible material, and finally, fill up the top side of your tooth with a temporal filler. Your dentist will use the second appointment to perform any restoration treatment necessary. In most cases, your dental specialist will use a dental crown to cover and protect the rest of your tooth.

Do Braces Weaken the Teeth?

Braces do not inherently weaken your teeth. Orthodontic treatments like braces have the goal of moving your teeth into the desired position for better health, aesthetics, and overall comfort. They do this by applying constant pressure to different parts of your mouth and teeth. Braces do change the structures that support your teeth as they have to move them along the structure to get the tooth in position. However, braces don’t affect the integrity or strength of the tooth itself or its roots.

Patients can suffer from weaker teeth during their time with braces if they don’t practice good oral health. Although braces are not to blame, the added difficulty in proper dental hygiene when wearing braces could lead to your teeth, your teeth roots, and pulp losing strength. This could also happen if an orthodontist applies excessive force during your orthodontic treatment. Although, the probability of this happening is very low and becomes even lower when you work with an experienced orthodontist.

What Is the Difference Between Endodontics and Orthodontics?

According to the ADA (American Dental Association), endodontics is a specific section of dentistry that focuses on what is inside the tooth rather than what is around it and where its located. Endodontists study at least two extra years after dental school to learn an array of different treatments and techniques regarding the inner tissues of teeth. With procedures like root canals and endodontic surgery, you can avoid losing your tooth completely after a dental injury or a serious infection that would otherwise require complete extraction.

Orthodontics, on the other hand, specializes in teeth straightening, bite correction, and teeth alignment. With the help of a wide variety of appliances, like braces, orthodontists can give you the perfectly aligned smile that you wish for. Aside from correcting a patient’s overbite or closing the gaps between their teeth, orthodontists make it much easier for patients to maintain proper oral hygiene as their teeth are not an obstacle anymore in their day-to-day brushing.

Orthodontic Emergencies

Identifying and Dealing With Dental and Orthodontic Emergencies

By Uncategorized

Orthodontic emergencies are quite a bother. Picture the following: you were minding your own business, you just had to reject a perfectly good bowl of popcorn during movie night, and suddenly you feel something odd in your mouth. There’s some unusual scratching or poking from within your mouth.

You go to the bathroom to check yourself in the mirror, and you notice that there’s a piece of stainless steel wire poking against the inside of your cheeks.

Should you call your orthodontist right there? Can you push the wire out of the way or tuck it in under the archwire?

Let’s think of another scenario. You’ve been feeling some pain for a couple of days. Even as you take some over-the-shelf painkillers, the pain is still there. Now, after some days, you notice the pain won’t go away and that your face is swelling.

Should you go to the dentist? Can my orthodontist recommend anything? Should I call emergency services?

As part of our dental care, we want to help patients undergoing orthodontic treatment correctly identify dental and orthodontic emergencies when they arise. Knowing which situations require emergency care can save your life and teeth. Learning to differentiate between emergencies and minor problems will help you react accordingly and avoid accidentally prolonging your orthodontic treatment.

What Counts as a Dental Emergency

First, we should talk about the more general situations that can put you at severe risk. Many patients are worried if they suffer an accident after their dentist’s office has closed. Some others are concerned that they might be bothering their dentist without legitimate reasons.

If you are worried something might be wrong, you have sufficient reason to ask for professional help. Still, while some situations are not necessarily an emergency, others do require immediate emergency dental care.

Dental Trauma

We are referring to an accident where your teeth suffer direct dental trauma. If you had any such accidents and you fear your tooth is now fractured, chipped, or cracked, call your dentist. This is especially important if you feel your tooth is loose after receiving a hit directly to your jaw area or your teeth. Loose teeth are a reason for concern, so contact your dentist as soon as you can.

Try to clean your mouth with warm water and use a cold compress to reduce swelling after getting hit. You could likewise take an over-the-counter painkiller to help with the pain until you go to the dentist’s office.

Oral Infection and Abscessed Tooth

This is a life-threatening situation. In some cases, an impacted tooth can develop a periodontal abscess, or as their name suggests, it can develop due to periodontal disease. An infection below the gum line immediately harms the soft tissues surrounding your tooth and could erode the bone tissue holding your teeth in place.

You may develop a fever, increased tooth sensitivity to hot and cold foods or drinks, and a constant toothache. The more severe cases lead to swelling of your face and an infection that could spread to other parts of your body.

Get in contact with emergency services and your dentist to coordinate appropriate care. Try warm salt water rinses to draw out the pus and reduce the severe pain.

Reviewing Orthodontic Emergencies

These emergencies are, unsurprisingly, related to orthodontic appliances. Most situations are not as alarming as the ones described before, but they are bothersome. Here’s a shortlist to sum it up, and we’ll review each in a little more detail. You could also check this material from our friends at the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO).

  • Loose or broken brackets, wires, or band
  • Irritation
  • Mouth sores

Loose or Broken Brackets, Wires, or Band

Let’s talk brackets first. Brackets are small pieces bonded to your teeth. The bonding agent may fail, or a piece of hard or crunchy food could have pushed the bracket off-center. Make sure you get in touch with your orthodontist and listen to their recommendations.

The brackets may also have rotated. A home fix is to grab a pair of sterile tweezers, slide it to the space between two adjacent teeth, rotate it into the right position, and move it back to its original position. In any case, ask your orthodontist for help and determine when you can go to their office for help.

On occasion, an end of your archwire might get loose and poke at the inside of your cheeks. The best thing to do here is to grab a q-tip to push the poking wire towards your teeth. If you cannot force it into a comfortable position, you could clip the wire; however, it’s best to use gauze around the wire to prevent any accidental swallowing when you clip the wire.

The ligatures or bands holding the archwire in place can also become loose. If you notice any such case, make sure to review the other ligatures to prevent accidental swallowing. You could try to reposition it with some clean tweezers, but you should get in touch with the orthodontist to have them replaced.

Irritation

The constant brushing against a metal bracket and wire can irritate your mouth’s soft tissues. Fortunately, this is not a life-threatening emergency, and you can easily solve it. In these cases, you could use a little bit of orthodontic relief wax as a protective barrier between your appliance’s parts and your mouth’s soft tissues. Don’t worry if you accidentally swallow some of this orthodontic relief wax; it won’t harm you.

Mouth Sores

Neither your braces nor aligners will cause mouth sores. Still, they can exacerbate due to the aforementioned irritation. Common areas affected by these mouth sores include your lips and tongue. Get in touch with your orthodontist about the topical ointments you can use to relieve the discomfort.

Call Today For a Free Consultation at Markham Orthodontics to Begin the Journey of a Lifetime!

We offer our California friends all the help we can during their orthodontic emergencies. If you live in Natomas, Gold River, or Auburn, you can trust the team at Markham Orthodontics to help you out when you need us the most.

Still, we would remind you to get in touch with emergency services if you face situations marked by severe pain, uncontrollable bleeding, or face swelling. We will do our part and help your treatment stay on track, but the most crucial thing during life-threatening emergencies is that you receive appropriate care at a moment’s notice.

For the other situations we described in this article, you can come to our office for a complete fix and continue your journey towards a healthy and beautiful smile. Get in touch with us on our phones, or set an appointment online.

What’s so great about an orthodontist?

By Uncategorized

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A lot of our patients are curious about the difference between an orthodontist and a dentist. In fact, one of the most common questions we hear at Markham Orthodontics is, “Dentists and orthodontists are all the same, right?”

A general dentist is your primary dental care provider. Dentists diagnose, treat, and manage your overall oral healthcare needs, including gum care, root canals, fillings, crowns, veneers, and bridges.

Orthodontists, such as Drs. Markham and Chiang, are more concerned with diagnosis, prevention, interception, and treatment of malocclusion, or what we call “bad bite,” of the teeth. Orthodontists focus on tooth and jaw alignment and bite problems such as overbites and underbites, and are responsible for straightening teeth via bands, wires, braces, and other fixed or removable corrective treatment options, like braces and clear aligners. Orthodontists treat children as well as adults who wish to improve the function of their bite and appearance of their smile.

Before becoming an orthodontist, doctors such as Drs. Markham and Chiang start out in dental school and earn a dental degree, just like your general dentist. After dental school, those doctors who decide they are interested in the orthodontic field, stay in school for a few more years and become experts in orthodontia, which is one of nine specialties within the dental field.

Isn’t it nice to know we have orthodontic experts here at Markham Orthodontics to help you through any type of treatment your teeth and jaw might need? To schedule your initial appointment at our Sacramento or Auburn, CA office, please give us a call today!

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